Oqali, formerly known as the « French food observatory », was introduced as part of the second National Nutrition and Health Program (PNNS 2). It is also part of the « ” Acting on the food supply ” document (in French) and is based on the opinion n°51 (in French) of the National Food Council (CNA) of 19th May 2005.
Its implementation follows the results of the feasibility and prefiguration study (in French) carried out by INRA (ALISS unit, Alimentation et Sciences Sociales) and by Afssa (CIQUAL, Centre d’Information sur la Qualité des Aliments) in 2007.
Oqali was created in February 2008 by the French Ministries of Agriculture, Health and Consumer Affairs, which entrusted its implementation to the French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE) and the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES)
Until November 2018, Oqali was integrated into the “Observatory of Food” established by the law of modernization of agriculture and fisheries of 27th July 2010 and included in the framework of the French National Food Program (PNA).
Decree No 2001-778 of 28th June 2011 provides three separate sections within the Food Observatory :
- A nutritional section in charge of issues related to the supply and characteristics of food (Oqali)
- A health section
- A section on the sociology and economics of food
From now on, Oqali is the Food Observatory according to Article 54th of Law No 2018-938 for the balance of trade relations in the agricultural and food sector and a healthy, sustainable, and accessible food for all, known as « EGalim ».
Oqali meets a need: to monitor the overall food supply by measuring changes in nutritional quality. To ensure that the progress made, benefits all consumers, the indicators collected on the nutritional quality of foods are analyzed according to socio-economic parameters.Missions
Oqali relies on the Steering Committee (Comité de pilotage, COPIL) and the Technical Orientation Committee (Comité d’orientation technique, COT). Working groups are also set up for studies by food category.Governance